Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

What are the SDGs?

The U.N. Sustainable Development Goals — also known as Global Goals or the SDGs, and formally named Transforming our World: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development — is an inter-governmental agreement of the United Nations and 193 countries. The Global Goals provide a framework to be implemented by “all countries and all stakeholders, acting in collaborative partnership” around a set of 17 specific, aspirational goals that address the social, economic and environmental dimensions of sustainable development. With 169 targets to be met by the year 2030, and over 232 indicators for measuring progress, the Global Goals were designed to stimulate action in the following areas: people, planet, prosperity, peace and partnerships. In addition, the themes covered by Global Goals (which include poverty, hunger, health and well-being, education, equality, sanitation, decent work, and production) all reflect current challenges and risks facing the textile value chain. To learn more, visit the U.N.’s Sustainable Development website.

WHAT ARE THE ACTUAL 17 GOALS?

Click each SDG to view SDG Targets in Focus (highlighted Targets priority for Textile Industry) , Progress and Textile Industry Opportunity, and Initiatives.

SDG Targets in Focus (Highlighted Targets Priority for Textile Industry)

1.1 By 2030, eradicate extreme poverty for all people everywhere, currently measured as people living on less than $1.25 a day
1.2 By 2030, reduce at least by half the proportion of men, women and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions according to national definitions
1.3 Implement nationally appropriate social protection systems and measures for all, including floors, and by 2030 achieve substantial coverage of the poor and the vulnerable
1.4 By 2030, ensure that all men and women, in particular the poor and the vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to basic services, ownership and control over land and other forms of property, inheritance, natural resources, appropriate new technology and financial services, including microfinance
1.5 By 2030, build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters
1.a Ensure significant mobilization of resources from a variety of sources, including through enhanced development cooperation, in order to provide adequate and predictable means for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, to implement programmes and policies to end poverty in all its dimensions
1.b Create sound policy frameworks at the national, regional and international levels, based on pro-poor and gender-sensitive development strategies, to support accelerated investment in poverty eradication actions
Progress and Textile Industry Opportunity 

Progress has been made on reducing rates of poverty.  The world attained the first Millennium Development Goal target—to cut the 1990 poverty rate in half by 2015—five years ahead of schedule, in 2010.[1][1] World Bank, Poverty-at-a-Glance, http://www.worldbank.org/en/topic/poverty.

Initiatives

Food and Agricultural Organization of the U.N.

Global Reporting Initiative’s Discussion Paper: Corporate Reporting on Poverty

World Bank

2017 SDG Atlas/Poverty

SDG Targets in Focus (highlighted Targets priority for Textile Industry)
2.1 By 2030, end hunger and ensure access by all people, in particular the poor and people in vulnerable situations, including infants, to safe, nutritious and sufficient food all year round
2.2 By 2030, end all forms of malnutrition, including achieving, by 2025, the internationally agreed targets on stunting and wasting in children under 5 years of age, and address the nutritional needs of adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating women and older persons
2.3 By 2030, double the agricultural productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers, in particular women, indigenous peoples, family farmers, pastoralists and fishers, including through secure and equal access to land, other productive resources and inputs, knowledge, financial services, markets and opportunities for value addition and non-farm employment
2.4 By 2030, ensure sustainable food production systems and implement resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity and production, that help maintain ecosystems, that strengthen capacity for adaptation to climate change, extreme weather, drought, flooding and other disasters and that progressively improve land and soil quality
2.5 By 2020, maintain the genetic diversity of seeds, cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and their related wild species, including through soundly managed and diversified seed and plant banks at the national, regional and international levels, and promote access to and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge, as internationally agreed
2.a Increase investment, including through enhanced international cooperation, in rural infrastructure, agricultural research and extension services, technology development and plant and livestock gene banks in order to enhance agricultural productive capacity in developing countries, in particular least developed countries
2.b Correct and prevent trade restrictions and distortions in world agricultural markets, including through the parallel elimination of all forms of agricultural export subsidies and all export measures with equivalent effect, in accordance with the mandate of the Doha Development Round
2.c Adopt measures to ensure the proper functioning of food commodity markets and their derivatives and facilitate timely access to market information, including on food reserves, in order to help limit extreme food price volatility
Progress and Textile Industry Opportunity 
Textile Exchange concept note on sustainable agriculture coming soon
Initiatives
SDG Targets in Focus (Highlighted Targets Priority for Textile Industry)

3.1 By 2030, reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 live births
3.2 By 2030, end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age, with all countries aiming to reduce neonatal mortality to at least as low as 12 per 1,000 live births and under-5 mortality to at least as low as 25 per 1,000 live births
3.3 By 2030, end the epidemics of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and neglected tropical diseases and combat hepatitis, water-borne diseases and other communicable diseases
3.4 By 2030, reduce by one third premature mortality from non-communicable diseases through prevention and treatment and promote mental health and well- being
3.5 Strengthen the prevention and treatment of substance abuse, including narcotic drug abuse and harmful use of alcohol
3.6 By 2020, halve the number of global deaths and injuries from road traffic accidents
3.7 By 2030, ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health-care services, including for family planning, information and education, and the integration of reproductive health into national strategies and programmes
3.8 Achieve universal health coverage, including financial risk protection, access to quality essential health-care services and access to safe, effective, quality and affordable essential medicines and vaccines for all
3.9 By 2030, substantially reduce the number of deaths and illnesses from hazardous chemicals and air, water and soil pollution and contamination
3.a Strengthen the implementation of the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control in all countries, as appropriate
3.b Support the research and development of vaccines and medicines for the communicable and non-communicable diseases that primarily affect developing countries, provide access to affordable essential medicines and vaccines, in accordance with the Doha Declaration on the TRIPS Agreement and Public Health, which affirms the right of developing countries to use to the full the provisions in the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights regarding flexibilities to protect public health, and, in particular, provide access to medicines for all
3.c Substantially increase health financing and the recruitment, development, training and retention of the health workforce in developing countries, especially in least developed countries and small island developing States
3.d Strengthen the capacity of all countries, in particular developing countries, for early warning, risk reduction and management of national and global health risks

Initiatives

World Health Organization

Workplace Health Achievement Index (AHA CEO Roundtable)

BSR HERhealth

SDG Atlas/Health

 

SDG Targets in Focus (Highlighted Targets Priority for Textile Industry)

4.1 By 2030, ensure that all girls and boys complete free, equitable and quality primary and secondary education leading to relevant and effective learning outcomes
4.2 By 2030, ensure that all girls and boys have access to quality early childhood development, care and pre-primary education so that they are ready for primary education
4.3 By 2030, ensure equal access for all women and men to affordable and quality technical, vocational and tertiary education, including university
4.4 By 2030, substantially increase the number of youth and adults who have relevant skills, including technical and vocational skills, for employment, decent jobs and entrepreneurship
4.5 By 2030, eliminate gender disparities in education and ensure equal access to all levels of education and vocational training for the vulnerable, including persons with disabilities, indigenous peoples and children in vulnerable situations
4.6 By 2030, ensure that all youth and a substantial proportion of adults, both men and women, achieve literacy and numeracy
4.7 By 2030, ensure that all learners acquire the knowledge and skills needed to promote sustainable development, including, among others, through education for sustainable development and sustainable lifestyles, human rights, gender equality, promotion of a culture of peace and non-violence, global citizenship and appreciation of cultural diversity and of culture’s contribution to sustainable development
4.a Build and upgrade education facilities that are child, disability and gender sensitive and provide safe, non-violent, inclusive and effective learning environments for all
4.b By 2020, substantially expand globally the number of scholarships available to developing countries, in particular least developed countries, small island developing States and African countries, for enrolment in higher education, including vocational training and information and communications technology, technical, engineering and scientific programmes, in developed countries and other developing countries
4.c By 2030, substantially increase the supply of qualified teachers, including through international cooperation for teacher training in developing countries, especially least developed countries and small island developing States

Initiatives 

UNESCO

SDG Atlas/Education

The World Development Report 2018 (WDR 2018)—LEARNING to Realize Education’s Promise

 

SDG Targets in Focus (Highlighted Targets Priority for Textile Industry)

5.1 End all forms of discrimination against all women and girls everywhere
5.2 Eliminate all forms of violence against all women and girls in the public and private spheres, including trafficking and sexual and other types of exploitation
5.3 Eliminate all harmful practices, such as child, early and forced marriage and female genital mutilation
5.4 Recognize and value unpaid care and domestic work through the provision of public services, infrastructure and social protection policies and the promotion of shared responsibility within the household and the family as nationally appropriate
5.5 Ensure women’s full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership at all levels of decision-making in political, economic and public life
5.6 Ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights as agreed in accordance with the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development and the Beijing Platform for Action and the outcome documents of their review conferences
5.a Undertake reforms to give women equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to ownership and control over land and other forms of property, financial services, inheritance and natural resources, in accordance with national laws
5.b Enhance the use of enabling technology, in particular information and communications technology, to promote the empowerment of women
5.c Adopt and strengthen sound policies and enforceable legislation for the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls at all levels

Progress and Textile Industry Opportunity 

“Gender equality is an enabler and accelerator for all the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The gender-responsive implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development offers an opportunity to achieve not only SDG 5 (gender equality), but to contribute to progress on all 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).” An estimated 75% of garment workers worldwide are women. Research shows that gender diversity benefits a manufacturing organization through improved ability to innovate, higher return on equity, and increased profitability.

Initiatives

UN Women and the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA) organized an expert group meeting (EGM) on SDG 5 which produced

2017 HLPF Thematic review of SDG 5: Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls

The World Bank in Gender

SDG Atlas/Gender

Gender Equality Principles (Self-Assessment)

UN Women

UNDP

BSR HERProject

What She Makes (Oxfam AU)

 

SDG Targets in Focus (Highlighted Targets Priority for Textile Industry)

6.1 By 2030, achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all
6.2 By 2030, achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation, paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations
6.a By 2030, expand international cooperation and capacity-building support to developing countries in water- and sanitation-related activities and programmes, including water harvesting, desalination, water efficiency, wastewater treatment, recycling and reuse technologies
6.b Support and strengthen the participation of local communities in improving water and sanitation management
6.3 By 2030, improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous chemicals and materials, halving the proportion of untreated wastewater and substantially increasing recycling and safe reuse globally
6.4 By 2030, substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity
6.5 By 2030, implement integrated water resources management at all levels, including through transboundary cooperation as appropriate
6.6 By 2020, protect and restore water-related ecosystems, including mountains, forests, wetlands, rivers, aquifers and lakes

Progress and Textile Industry Opportunity 

According to a new by the World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF, 2.1 billion people lack access to safe, readily available water at home and 4.5 billion lack safely managed sanitation.   The UN predicts that by 2050 global demand for fresh water will grow by more than 40% and at least a quarter of the world’s population will live in countries with a “chronic or recurrent” lack of clean water.

Water is necessary for all stages of the textile supply chain.  The nexus to food and energy will require the textile industry to engage in a holistic and collaborative cross-sector approach to address the growing clean water shortfall.  Innovative approaches to reduce water use, re-use water and replenish resources must be implemented by all actors in the textile value chain, including at the agricultural level which, in general, consumes a large percentage of water in the textile life cycle.

The following SDG 6 targets highlight certain key issues for the textile value chain:

  • By 2030, improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous chemicals and materials, halving the proportion of untreated wastewater and substantially increasing recycling and safe reuse globally
  • By 2030, substantially increase water-use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity

Water is implicated in several Global Goals, including:

  • SDG 2 which envisions ending hunger, achieving food security and promotes sustainable agriculture.
  • SDG 12 which promotes sustainable consumption and production and includes specific targets on responsible use of natural resources and waste reduction.
  • SDG 15 which focuses on sustainably managed forests, combating desertification, halting and reversing land degradation, halting biodiversity loss

Water is also addressed in other SDGs, including SDG 3 (good health and wellbeing) and SDG 14 (oceans), but the focus here is on SDG 6 and 12.

Due to the fact that apparel and textiles are produced in some of the most water-scarce regions of the world, such as China, India, Bangladesh and Pakistan, there are a number of Textile Exchange Members and many effective brand, retailer and industry initiatives addressing the issues for which the SDGs were developed.

Initiatives

  Tools for Business

World Resources Institute

WRI’s Aqueduct Tool

Unicef WASH

SDG Atlas/Water

Carbon Disclosure Project/Global Water Report

SDG Targets in Focus (Highlighted Targets Priority for Textile Industry)
7.1 By 2030, ensure universal access to affordable, reliable and modern energy services
7.2 By 2030, increase substantially the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix
7.3 By 2030, double the global rate of improvement in energy efficiency
7.a By 2030, enhance international cooperation to facilitate access to clean energy research and technology, including renewable energy, energy efficiency and advanced and cleaner fossil-fuel technology, and promote investment in energy infrastructure and clean energy technology
7.b By 2030, expand infrastructure and upgrade technology for supplying modern and sustainable energy services for all in developing countries, in particular least developed countries, small island developing States and landlocked developing countries, in accordance with their respective programmes of support”

Progress and Textile Industry Opportunity 

Leading apparel companies have long recognized the need for clean energy solutions and have been one of the sectors supporting The Paris Agreement and other national, state and industry initiatives. Companies have also promoted clean energy policies within their value chains.

Initiatives

Ceres BICEP Network

Ceres “Clean Trillion” Campaign

World Resources Institute

SDG Atlas/Clean Energy

 

SDG Targets in Focus (Highlighted Targets Priority for Textile Industry)
8.1 Sustain per capita economic growth in accordance with national circumstances and, in particular, at least 7 per cent gross domestic product growth per annum in the least developed countries
8.2 Achieve higher levels of economic productivity through diversification, technological upgrading and innovation, including through a focus on high-value added and labour-intensive sectors
8.3 Promote development-oriented policies that support productive activities, decent job creation, entrepreneurship, creativity and innovation, and encourage the formalization and growth of micro-, small- and medium-sized enterprises, including through access to financial services
8.4 Improve progressively, through 2030, global resource efficiency in consumption and production and endeavour to decouple economic growth from environmental degradation, in accordance with the 10-Year Framework of Programmes on Sustainable Consumption and Production, with developed countries taking the lead
8.5 By 2030, achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all women and men, including for young people and persons with disabilities, and equal pay for work of equal value
8.6 By 2020, substantially reduce the proportion of youth not in employment, education or training 8.7 Take immediate and effective measures to eradicate forced labour, end modern slavery and human trafficking and secure the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labour, including recruitment and use of child soldiers, and by 2025 end child labour in all its forms
8.8 Protect labour rights and promote safe and secure working environments for all workers, including migrant workers, in particular women migrants, and those in precarious employment
8.9 By 2030, devise and implement policies to promote sustainable tourism that creates jobs and promotes local culture and products
8.10 Strengthen the capacity of domestic financial institutions to encourage and expand access to banking, insurance and financial services for all
8.a Increase Aid for Trade support for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, including through the Enhanced Integrated Framework for Trade-related Technical Assistance to Least Developed Countries
8.b By 2020, develop and operationalize a global strategy for youth employment and implement the Global Jobs Pact of the International Labour Organization

Progress and Textile Industry Opportunity 

“Apparel is one of the first manufacturing sectors to emerge in poor countries, often providing jobs to low-skilled (mostly female) workers that have few paid employment alternatives. Although salaries are low by international standards, apparel workers tend to make more money than they would in other activities—low-skill agriculture and services—in the domestic market. So for millions of poor, unskilled workers, textile manufacturing is a gateway to start getting out of poverty. The fact that apparel workers are mostly women is another strong link to poverty reduction, as boosting economic opportunities for women is a necessary step to poverty reduction and development.

But this is not the whole story. As it is argued in “The Promise and Peril of Post-MFA Apparel Production,” the latest issue of the World Bank’s Economic Premise notes series, a radical shift in apparel production between countries over the last few years has had mixed results in wages and poverty reduction across the developing world.”

“Minimum Wage in the Apparel Industry Continues to Rise in Most Asian Countries in 2016”

Initiatives

ILO

Better Work

Shift Project

SDG Atlas/Work

WRAP

Fair Labor Association

Social Accountability International

iSeal’s Global Living Wage Coalition

Corporate Human Rights Benchmark

Levi Strauss Worker Well-Being Implementation Guidebook

 

 

SDG Targets in Focus (Highlighted Targets Priority for Textile Industry)
9.1 Develop quality, reliable, sustainable and resilient infrastructure, including regional and transborder infrastructure, to support economic development and human well-being, with a focus on affordable and equitable access for all
9.2 Promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and, by 2030, significantly raise industry’s share of employment and gross domestic product, in line with national circumstances, and double its share in least developed countries
9.3 Increase the access of small-scale industrial and other enterprises, in particular in developing countries, to financial services, including affordable credit, and their integration into value chains and markets
9.4 By 2030, upgrade infrastructure and retrofit industries to make them sustainable, with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean and environmentally sound technologies and industrial processes, with all countries taking action in accordance with their respective capabilities
9.5 Enhance scientific research, upgrade the technological capabilities of industrial sectors in all countries, in particular developing countries, including, by 2030, encouraging innovation and substantially increasing the number of research and development workers per 1 million people and public and private research and development spending
9.a Facilitate sustainable and resilient infrastructure development in developing countries through enhanced financial, technological and technical support to African countries, least developed countries, landlocked developing countries and small island developing States
9.b Support domestic technology development, research and innovation in developing countries, including by ensuring a conducive policy environment for, inter alia, industrial diversification and value addition to commodities
9.c Significantly increase access to information and communications technology and strive to provide universal and affordable access to the Internet in least developed countries by 2020

Progress and Textile Industry Opportunity 

The Fashion Industry has come to recognize and embrace innovation as it addresses both consumption and production impacts.  To learn more, please read Textile Exchange’s 2017 Preferred Fiber and Materials Insider Series (Textile Exchange)

Initiatives

SDG Atlas/Industry Innovation

Fashion for Good

H&M Foundation’s Global Change Award in Collaboration with Accenture & KTH Royal Institute of Technology

Forum for the Future

Project Breakthrough

SDG Targets in Focus (Highlighted Targets Priority for Textile Industry)
10.1 By 2030, progressively achieve and sustain income growth of the bottom 40 per cent of the population at a rate higher than the national average
10.2 By 2030, empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all, irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status
10.3 Ensure equal opportunity and reduce inequalities of outcome, including by eliminating discriminatory laws, policies and practices and promoting appropriate legislation, policies and action in this regard
10.4 Adopt policies, especially fiscal, wage and social protection policies, and progressively achieve greater equality
10.5 Improve the regulation and monitoring of global financial markets and institutions and strengthen the implementation of such regulations
10.6 Ensure enhanced representation and voice for developing countries in decision-making in global international economic and financial institutions in order to deliver more effective, credible, accountable and legitimate institutions
10.7 Facilitate orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration and mobility of people, including through the implementation of planned and well-managed migration policies
10.a Implement the principle of special and differential treatment for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, in accordance with World Trade Organization agreements
10.b Encourage official development assistance and financial flows, including foreign direct investment, to States where the need is greatest, in particular least developed countries, African countries, small island developing States and landlocked developing countries, in accordance with their national plans and programmes
10.c By 2030, reduce to less than 3 per cent the transaction costs of migrant remittances and eliminate remittance corridors with costs higher than 5 per cent

Progress and Textile Industry Opportunity 

Progress on reducing inequalities within and among countries was reported to be mixed in the 2017 Progress Report. “Inclusive and sustainable industrial development is the primary source of income generation, allows for rapid and sustained increases in living standards for all people, and provides the technological solutions to environmentally sound industrialization.

Technological progress is the foundation of efforts to achieve environmental objectives, such as increased resource and energy-efficiency. Without technology and innovation, industrialization will not happen, and without industrialization, development will not happen.” http://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/infrastructure-industrialization/ .

Initiatives

The Danish Institute for Human Rights/ Human Rights Guide to the SDGs

SDG Atlas/Inequalities

WEF’s The Inclusive Development Index 2018

SDG Targets in Focus (Highlighted Targets Priority for Textile Industry)
11.1 By 2030, ensure access for all to adequate, safe and affordable housing and basic services and upgrade slums
11.2 By 2030, provide access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport systems for all, improving road safety, notably by expanding public transport, with special attention to the needs of those in vulnerable situations, women, children, persons with disabilities and older persons
11.3 By 2030, enhance inclusive and sustainable urbanization and capacity for participatory, integrated and sustainable human settlement planning and management in all countries
11.4 Strengthen efforts to protect and safeguard the world’s cultural and natural heritage
11.5 By 2030, significantly reduce the number of deaths and the number of people affected and substantially decrease the direct economic losses relative to global gross domestic product caused by disasters, including water-related disasters, with a focus on protecting the poor and people in vulnerable situations
11.6 By 2030, reduce the adverse per capita environmental impact of cities, including by paying special attention to air quality and municipal and other waste management
11.7 By 2030, provide universal access to safe, inclusive and accessible, green and public spaces, in particular for women and children, older persons and persons with disabilities
11.a Support positive economic, social and environmental links between urban, peri-urban and rural areas by strengthening national and regional development planning
11.b By 2020, substantially increase the number of cities and human settlements adopting and implementing integrated policies and plans towards inclusion, resource efficiency, mitigation and adaptation to climate change, resilience to disasters, and develop and implement, in line with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030, holistic disaster risk management at all levels
11.c Support least developed countries, including through financial and technical assistance, in building sustainable and resilient buildings utilizing local materials

Progress and Textile Industry Opportunity 

By 2030, two thirds of the world will live in cities. The world’s 12 largest city areas are each home to over 15 million people, and over the last 25 years, cities such as Delhi, Shanghai and Beijing have tripled in size.”[1]

[1] World Bank, http://www.worldbank.org/.

Initiatives

C40

ICLEI

World Bank

SDG Atlas/Sustainable Cities

 

SDG Targets in Focus (Highlighted Targets Priority for Textile Industry)
12.1 Implement the 10-Year Framework of Programmes on Sustainable Consumption and Production Patterns, all countries taking action, with developed countries taking the lead, taking into account the development and capabilities of developing countries
12.2 By 2030, achieve the sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources
12.3 By 2030, halve per capita global food waste at the retail and consumer levels and reduce food losses along production and supply chains, including post-harvest losses
12.4 By 2020, achieve the environmentally sound management of chemicals and all wastes throughout their life cycle, in accordance with agreed international frameworks, and significantly reduce their release to air, water and soil in order to minimize their adverse impacts on human health and the environment
12.5 By 2030, substantially reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling and reuse
12.6 Encourage companies, especially large and transnational companies, to adopt sustainable practices and to integrate sustainability information into their reporting cycle
12.7 Promote public procurement practices that are sustainable, in accordance with national policies and priorities
12.8 By 2030, ensure that people everywhere have the relevant information and awareness for sustainable development and lifestyles in harmony with nature
12.a Support developing countries to strengthen their scientific and technological capacity to move towards more sustainable patterns of consumption and production
12.b Develop and implement tools to monitor sustainable development impacts for sustainable tourism that creates jobs and promotes local culture and products
12.c Rationalize inefficient fossil-fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption by removing market distortions, in accordance with national circumstances, including by restructuring taxation and phasing out those harmful subsidies, where they exist, to reflect their environmental impacts, taking fully into account the specific needs and conditions of developing countries and minimizing the possible adverse impacts on their development in a manner that protects the poor and the affected communities

Progress and Textile Industry Opportunity 

Global Goal 12 which focuses on responsible production patterns will be reviewed by the U.N.’s High Level Political Forum in 2018.  Current and projected rates of material consumption are simply not sustainable.

According to David LeBlanc’s research  on linkages among the SDG Targets, SDG 12 has the most linkages (14) to other Goals.  This is also the Goal.

“The current global apparel market is estimated at $1.7 trillion which forms approximately 2 per cent of the world GDP of $73.5 trillion. Apparel consumption in top 8 economies constitutes approximately 70 per cent of the global consumption.”

[1] Global textile apparel industry fortunes to depend on 5 major trends, The Textile Magazine, http://www.indiantextilemagazine.in/industry-news/global-textile-apparel-industry-fortunes-to-depend-on-5-major-trends/ (February 3, 2017).

Initiatives

SDG Atlas/Responsible Consumption and Production

Textile Exchange

Sustainable Apparel Coalition

Cradle to Cradle Certification

ZDHC Foundation Gateways

Oeko-TexÒ Standard

Ellen MacArthur Foundation

Outdoor Industry Association

European Outdoor Group

GCNYC The Fair Fashion Center

Green Manufacturing Association of China

AAFA Environmental Committee

Bluesign system

Fashion for Good

FashionPositive+

WWF-iSeal Report: SDGs mean business: how credible standards can help companies deliver the Agenda 2030

Global Fashion Agenda’s “2020 Circular Fashion System Commitment”

Partnership for Cleaner Textile

Circular Economy

 

 

SDG Targets in Focus (Highlighted Targets Priority for Textile Industry)

13.1 Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters in all countries
13.2 Integrate climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning
13.3 Improve education, awareness-raising and human and institutional capacity on climate change mitigation, adaptation, impact reduction and early warning
13.a Implement the commitment undertaken by developed-country parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change to a goal of mobilizing jointly $100 billion annually by 2020 from all sources to address the needs of developing countries in the context of meaningful mitigation actions and transparency on implementation and fully operationalize the Green Climate Fund through its capitalization as soon as possible
13.b Promote mechanisms for raising capacity for effective climate change-related planning and management in least developed countries and small island developing States, including focusing on women, youth and local and marginalized communities”

Progress and Textile Industry Opportunity 

According to the World Resources Institute, the Apparel industry contributes about five percent of global greenhouse gas emissions.  It has also been reported that the Fashion industry is on track to consume a “quarter of the global carbon supply by 2050” and leading brands and retailers have collaborated on a growing number of initiatives to address climate change and The Paris Agreement.

Initiatives

SDG Atlas/Climate

Ceres

We Mean Business Coalition

World Resources Institute/Climate

World Resources Institute/Apparel

Carbon Disclosure Project

SDG Targets in Focus (Highlighted Targets Priority for Textile Industry)

14.1 By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution
14.2 By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans
14.3 Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels 14.4 By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics
14.5 By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information
14.6 By 2020, prohibit certain forms of fisheries subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, eliminate subsidies that contribute to illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and refrain from introducing new such subsidies, recognizing that appropriate and effective special and differential treatment for developing and least developed countries should be an integral part of the World Trade Organization fisheries subsidies negotiation16
14.7 By 2030, increase the economic benefits to small island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism
14.a Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries
14.b Provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets
14.c Enhance the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by implementing international law as reflected in the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, which provides the legal framework for the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources, as recalled in paragraph 158 of “The future we want”

Progress and Textile Industry Opportunity 

As a follow-up on the 2017 Ocean Conference, the UN has launched nine thematic multi-stakeholder Communities of Ocean Action to spur further Ocean Action, and to maintain momentum until the next Ocean Conference, anticipated to be held in 2020:

  1. Coral reefs
  2. Implementation of international law as reflected in United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea
  3. Mangroves
  4. Marine and coastal ecosystems management
  5. Marine pollution
  6. Ocean acidification
  7. Scientific knowledge, research capacity development and transfer of marine technology
  8. Sustainable blue economy
  9. Sustainable fisheries

Initiatives

Communities of Ocean Action

World Resources Institute/Water

SDG Atlas/Under Water

Greenpeace’s Detox 2020 Plan

US EPA Trash-Free Waters Webinar Series

Plastic Soup Foundation 2017 Report (and Mermaids)

SDG Targets in Focus (Highlighted Targets Priority for Textile Industry)

15.1 By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements
15.2 By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally
15.3 By 2030, combat desertification, restore degraded land and soil, including land affected by desertification, drought and floods, and strive to achieve a land degradation-neutral world 15.4 By 2030, ensure the conservation of mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity, in order to enhance their capacity to provide benefits that are essential for sustainable development
15.5 Take urgent and significant action to reduce the degradation of natural habitats, halt the loss of biodiversity and, by 2020, protect and prevent the extinction of threatened species
15.6 Promote fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and promote appropriate access to such resources, as internationally agreed
15.7 Take urgent action to end poaching and trafficking of protected species of flora and fauna and address both demand and supply of illegal wildlife products
15.8 By 2020, introduce measures to prevent the introduction and significantly reduce the impact of invasive alien species on land and water ecosystems and control or eradicate the priority species
15.9 By 2020, integrate ecosystem and biodiversity values into national and local planning, development processes, poverty reduction strategies and accounts
15.a Mobilize and significantly increase financial resources from all sources to conserve and sustainably use biodiversity and ecosystems
15.b Mobilize significant resources from all sources and at all levels to finance sustainable forest management and provide adequate incentives to developing countries to advance such management, including for conservation and reforestation
15.c Enhance global support for efforts to combat poaching and trafficking of protected species, including by increasing the capacity of local communities to pursue sustainable livelihood opportunities

Progress and Textile Industry Opportunity 

As a follow-up on the 2017 Ocean Conference, the UN has launched nine thematic multi-stakeholder Communities of Ocean Action to spur further Ocean Action, and to maintain momentum until the next Ocean Conference, anticipated to be held in 2020:

  1. Coral reefs
  2. Implementation of international law as reflected in United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea
  3. Mangroves
  4. Marine and coastal ecosystems management
  5. Marine pollution
  6. Ocean acidification
  7. Scientific knowledge, research capacity development and transfer of marine technology
  8. Sustainable blue economy
  9. Sustainable fisheries

Initiatives

Communities of Ocean Action

World Resources Institute/Water

SDG Atlas/Under Water

Greenpeace’s Detox 2020 Plan

US EPA Trash-Free Waters Webinar Series

Plastic Soup Foundation 2017 Report (and Mermaids)

 

 

SDG Targets in Focus (Highlighted Targets Priority for Textile Industry)
16.1 Significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere
16.2 End abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of violence against and torture of children
16.3 Promote the rule of law at the national and international levels and ensure equal access to justice for all
16.4 By 2030, significantly reduce illicit financial and arms flows, strengthen the recovery and return of stolen assets and combat all forms of organized crime
16.5 Substantially reduce corruption and bribery in all their forms
16.6 Develop effective, accountable and transparent institutions at all levels
16.7 Ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision- making at all levels
16.8 Broaden and strengthen the participation of developing countries in the institutions of global governance
16.9 By 2030, provide legal identity for all, including birth registration 16.10 Ensure public access to information and protect fundamental freedoms, in accordance with national legislation and international agreements
16.a Strengthen relevant national institutions, including through international cooperation, for building capacity at all levels, in particular in developing countries, to prevent violence and combat terrorism and crime
16.b Promote and enforce non-discriminatory laws and policies for sustainable development

Initiatives

SDG Atlas/Peace and Justice

U.N. Women

 

SDG Targets in Focus (Highlighted Targets Priority for Textile Industry)

17.1 Strengthen domestic resource mobilization, including through international support to developing countries, to improve domestic capacity for tax and other revenue collection
17.2 Developed countries to implement fully their official development assistance commitments, including the commitment by many developed countries to achieve the target of 0.7 per cent of gross national income for official development assistance (ODA/GNI) to developing countries and 0.15 to 0.20 per cent of ODA/GNI to least developed countries; ODA providers are encouraged to consider setting a target to provide at least 0.20 per cent of ODA/GNI to least developed countries
17.3 Mobilize additional financial resources for developing countries from multiple sources
17.4 Assist developing countries in attaining long-term debt sustainability through coordinated policies aimed at fostering debt financing, debt relief and debt restructuring, as appropriate, and address the external debt of highly indebted poor countries to reduce debt distress
17.5 Adopt and implement investment promotion regimes for least developed countries
Technology
17.6 Enhance North-South, South-South and triangular regional and international cooperation on and access to science, technology and innovation and enhance knowledge sharing on mutually agreed terms, including through improved coordination among existing mechanisms, in particular at the United Nations level, and through a global technology facilitation mechanism
17.7 Promote the development, transfer, dissemination and diffusion of environmentally sound technologies to developing countries on favourable terms, including on concessional and preferential terms, as mutually agreed
17.8 Fully operationalize the technology bank and science, technology and innovation capacity-building mechanism for least developed countries by 2017 and enhance the use of enabling technology, in particular information and communications technology Capacity-building
17.9 Enhance international support for implementing effective and targeted capacity-building in developing countries to support national plans to implement all the Sustainable Development Goals, including through North-South, South-South and triangular cooperation
Trade
17.10 Promote a universal, rules-based, open, non-discriminatory and equitable multilateral trading system under the World Trade Organization, including through the conclusion of negotiations under its Doha Development Agenda
17.11 Significantly increase the exports of developing countries, in particular with a view to doubling the least developed countries’ share of global exports by 2020
17.12 Realize timely implementation of duty-free and quota-free market access on a lasting basis for all least developed countries, consistent with World Trade Organization decisions, including by ensuring that preferential rules of origin applicable to imports from least developed countries are transparent and simple, and contribute to facilitating market access Systemic issues Policy and institutional coherence
17.13 Enhance global macroeconomic stability, including through policy coordination and policy coherence
17.14 Enhance policy coherence for sustainable development
17.15 Respect each country’s policy space and leadership to establish and implement policies for poverty eradication and sustainable development
Multi-stakeholder partnerships
17.16 Enhance the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development, complemented by multi-stakeholder partnerships that mobilize and share knowledge, expertise, technology and financial resources, to support the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals in all countries, in particular developing countries
17.17 Encourage and promote effective public, public-private and civil society partnerships, building on the experience and resourcing strategies of partnerships
Data, monitoring and accountability
17.18 By 2020, enhance capacity-building support to developing countries, including for least developed countries and small island developing States, to increase significantly the availability of high-quality, timely and reliable data disaggregated by income, gender, age, race, ethnicity, migratory status, disability, geographic location and other characteristics relevant in national contexts
17.19 By 2030, build on existing initiatives to develop measurements of progress on sustainable development that complement gross domestic product, and support statistical capacity-building in developing countries

Initiatives: 

U.N. Global Compact

SDG Atlas/Partnerships

 

WHY DO THE GLOBAL GOALS MATTER TO THE TEXTILE INDUSTRY?

The themes covered by Global Goals—poverty, hunger, health and wellbeing, education, equality, sanitation, decent work to name a few—all reflect issues that not only impact quality of life, security and fundamental human rights across the globe, but also directly impact the apparel and textile value network. Several reports identifying global risks increasingly underscore the urgency to advance many of the themes identified by the Global Goals. According to the recently published Global Risks Report 2018, published by the World Economic Forum, environmental risks continue to dominate the risk landscape in 2018. The Report confirms last year’s trend and identifies “numerous areas where we are pushing systems to the brink, from extinction-level rates of biodiversity loss to mounting concerns about the possibility of new wars.”  The top 5 global risks based on likelihood of occurrence cited in the report include extreme weather events, natural disasters and failure of climate change mitigation and adaptation. These same risks are also ranked in the top 5 global risks by impact along with the addition of the risk of water crisis.

Aon’s Global Risk Management Survey 2017, which identifies the top ten risks facing the textile sector, ranks damage to reputation and/or brand and corporate social responsibility and sustainability as top risks. Aon has identified linkages to economic, environmental and social factors such as climate change, which directly correlate to the themes underlying Global Goals. One example is that corporate social responsibility and sustainability risk can arise from environmental risk, climate change and natural resource scarcity and/or availability of raw materials.

When aligned with existing individual company priorities, Global Goals can offer opportunities for new business models, support innovation, reduce risks and ensure more resilient value chains. According to the 2017’s Better Business, Better World report, from the Business & Sustainable Development Commission, “The goals provide the private sector with a new growth strategy that opens valuable market opportunities while creating a world that is both sustainable and inclusive.” The report evaluates 60 “hotspots” in four economic areas (food and agriculture; cities; energy and materials; and health and well-being) that could create at least US $12 trillion (or more than 10% of current GDP) in new market opportunities. While the report does not address apparel and textiles, it does cover agriculture and related cross-cutting issues and offers lessons for all industries.

ARE THE DIFFERENT GOALS CONNECTED TO EACH OTHER?

The Global Goals should be considered one integrated system. There is an evolving area of research on the various linkages among the 17 goals, and their respective targets, which can help identify priority areas and also areas where tradeoffs may occur. This body of information is increasingly important in identifying where investments can deliver the greatest impact toward one or more goals. A well-cited diagram of Global Goals as a network of targets was recently published by David Le Blanc, a Senior Sustainable Development Officer in the Division for Sustainable Development, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA), and his recent mapping of the linkages for Goal 14, which calls for conserving and sustainably using oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development, shows the complex interdependencies.

Similarly, a recent science-based analysis by the International Council for Science (ICSU) of four goals and their interlinkages concludes that the goals and targets are “mostly synergistic” with other goals and targets, with 316 target-level interactions overall, of which 238 are positive, 66 are negative, and 12 are neutral. Evaluating the interlinkages and their impacts can provide important direction on targeted investments. Noting linkages and tradeoffs will also allow parties to identify different points of intervention.

HOW MUCH PROGRESS HAS BEEN MADE ON THE GOALS SO FAR?

A report is issued annually by the Secretary General during the UN’s High-level Political Forum (HLPF), the platform that reviews progress on Global Goals by Member States and the UN’s specialized agencies. While the latest report notes that there has been some progress towards achieving the goals, the current pace of progress will not achieve them by 2030. It is, therefore, incumbent on the private sector to fulfill its role in partnership with other global actors. In July of 2018, the UN will be reviewing progress on the following goals in addition to GOAL 17 (strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development), which is reviewed annually:

  • GOAL 6 Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all.
  • GOAL 7 Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all.
  • GOAL 11 Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable.
  • GOAL 12 Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns.
  • GOAL 15 Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.

MOMENTUM BUILDING TO SUPPORT THE GLOBAL GOALS


Textile Exchange benchmarking results indicate that 29% of reporting companies were taking actions to align their corporate goals to the Global Goals. We believe based on more recent survey data that this number will have grown in the next reporting period based on increased awareness of the value of engaging with the Global Goals.

The 2017 United Nations Global Compact Progress Report reported over 75% of respondents taking action on the Global Goals. The depth of engagement, however, has been called into question by a recent report by Deloitte on Inclusive Growth where it was noted that:[w]hile a vast majority of businesses surveyed—92 percent—publicly support the UN’s 2030 Agenda and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), only 17 percent believe the current programs and initiatives their businesses have set in place will help to achieve the SDGs by 2030.”  This is understandable considering that the Global Goals are only two and a half years old and organizations, stakeholders and governments are in the early stages of adoption, measurement and reporting but the momentum seems to be building. The global food sector, led by Unilever and others, has embraced the Global Goals making the business case for engagement through a well-cited Better Business, Better World report as well as other projects.

HOW IS TEXTILE EXCHANGE SUPPORTING THE GLOBAL GOALS?

At Textile Exchange, we have analyzed and mapped Global Goals and accompanying targets specifically to the textile industry, taking into account linkages and tradeoffs with other goals where possible. This analysis has informed the development of the content on this website and in additional reports and webinars planned for this year.

As a global non-profit dedicated to promoting the adoption of preferred fibers and materials, integrity and standards, and responsible supply networks, Textile Exchange is working to advance the sustainable development agenda by:

  • Educating the industry on the SDG opportunity.
  • Defining priorities for SDG engagement through a stakeholder process.
  • Facilitating integration of the SDGs into the textile value network.
  • Leveraging existing and new collaborative tools to assist the industry in measuring and reducing impacts of individual actors and the industry as a whole.
  • Developing industry standards that set global benchmarks and shape the direction of land management and ecosystem services.
  • Identifying opportunities for collective industry action.
  • Developing a textile-specific industry matrix for preferred fibers and other textile best practices to deliver on the SDGs.
  • Reporting and communicating on the industry’s SDG performance.

Want to learn more?

Download a Primer on the Global Goals here:

SDG Primer