e3™ is BASF CropScience’s more sustainable cotton option. It is grown in the U.S.A. with care by cotton producers striving to improve their sustainability in production of the highest-quality upland cotton for apparel and home furnishings.
Producing Countries (2016/17 unless otherwise stated)
Fiber Production 2016/17 (MT)
Growth in production (2016/17 - 2017/18)
Market Share of Total Cotton Grown (2017/18)
Projected growth in production
Yield (see accompanying “TE Position” notes)
754/lb per acre to more than 2,000/lb per acre [138 kg/ha to 367 kg/ha]
Aims to reduce irrigation water use.
Promotes soil health and stewardship. Activity is assessed on various factors including land use and soil carbon. Concept based on continuous, measured improvement.
Promoted biodiversity conservation. Activity is assessed on various factors including conservation. The concept is to improve one’s performance on these various parameters over time.
Use of Hazardous Pesticides
Pesticide use is measured under e3™ guidelines, while IPM is encourage through precision farming technologies, and subject to US regulations regarding pesticide use. 92% of e3™ producers use non-chemical means of pest control including Bt varieties and biobased insecticides and 91% preserve beneficial insects by using scouts who can identify and understand economic value of useful insects.
Use of Synthetic Fertilizer
Fertilizer use is measured under e3™ program criteria, along with crop rotation, compositing and cover crop usage. 98% of e3™ producers conduct soil test and 94% applied nutrients based on crop & soil needs and/or University recommendations.
No, but tracking systems are provided via tools that measure producer operations activities and field level activities.
Water Consumption (m3/ 1000kg fiber*) or best practices used to conserve water
36% of e3 producers use drip irrigation or low pressure sprinklers and flow meters. At least 73% of e3 producers practice residue management, use cover crops, mulching, or other evaporation prevention measures
Primary Energy Demand MJ /1000 kg fiber *
34% of e3 producers use renewable or alternative energy such as ethanol, biodiesel, solar or wind wind energy
Global Warming (kg of CO2-eq/ 1000kg fiber*)
92% of e3 producers reduce nitrous oxide emissions through optimum rates and timing of nitrogen fertilizer or use of a nitrogen stabilizer. 46% of e3 producers plant new trees, maintain forest areas and pastures, to offset carbon emissions
Eutrophication (kg of phosphate-eq/ 1000 kg fiber *)
79% of e3 producers use grass waterways or filter strips to control water runoff and 46% use vegitative borders to reduce nutrient runoff
Social considerations / regulations
US cotton growers are all held to high standards by law for worker health and safety. EEO Equal Employment Opportunity, Child Labor Legislation, Personal Protection and Migrant Labor Laws all must be adhered to.
Verification / Certification (farm level)
Self-evaluation and third party audits.
Chain of Custody (supply chain)
CoC to the mill (for further content claims use).
Limited on product marketing.
e3™ farmers are paid a small per bale incentive to reinvest in sustainable improvement practices.