Renewable organic matter, such as agricultural crops, crop-waste residues, wood, animal and municipal wastes.
The World Food Summit of 1996 defined food security as existing “when all people at all times have access to sufficient, safe, nutritious food to maintain a healthy and active life”. Commonly, the concept of food security is defined as including both physical and economic access to food that meets people’s dietary needs as well as their food preferences. In many countries, health problems related to dietary excess are an ever increasing threat, In fact, malnutrition and foodborne diarrhoea are become double burden. Food security is built on three pillars:
Material collection refers to the point in the recycling lifecycle when a reclaimed material is collected after its original use has ended (i.e.: it would have otherwise gone into the waste stream). Entities involved in material collection could include, but are not limited to:
Particles of less than 5mm in size, that can arise through:
Organic cotton is cotton that is produced, and certified, according to organic agriculture standards.
Organic Cotton is grown as part of a production system that sustains the health of soils, ecosystems and people. It relies on ecological processes, biodiversity and cycles adapted to local conditions, rather than the use of inputs with adverse effects, and is grown in rotation with other crops that replenish the soil. Organic Cotton requires a third party certification from an independent, accredited Certification Body. Organic Cotton growing practices may vary slightly from country to country but common to all is the avoidance of the use of toxic and persistent synthetic agrichemicals (pesticides and fertilizers) and genetically modified seeds.
If cotton is to be sold as organic, a third party certification from an independent, accredited certification agency is strongly recommended. Textile Exchange’s Organic Content Standard (OCS) and the Global Organic Textile Standard (GOTS) are voluntary supply chain standards that track organic fiber/material content as it moves through production and into a final product. The OCS is used to support content claims, and GOTS – which includes additional social and environmental requirements in processing – is used to support product claims.
Material diverted from the waste stream during the manufacturing process. Excluded is the reutilization of materials such as rework, regrind or scrap generated in a process and capable of being reclaimed within the same process that generated it.
Preferred Down is a term used by Textile Exchange referring to down (and feathers) that comes from supply chains that have strong animal welfare principles in place, with zero tolerance for force-feeding and liveplucking.
Preferred Down is down certified to either the Responsible Down Standard or the Traceable Down Standard. The recycling of down and feathers is another option gaining traction.
Textile Exchange describes “Preferred” as a fiber, material or product that is ecologically and/or socially progressive. One that has been selected because it has more sustainable properties in comparison to other options. Note: social includes both human and animal welfare.
Ways to recognize or achieve a preferred status include:
Textile Exchange’s PFM Benchmark Program provides a robust structure to help companies systematically measure, manage and integrate a preferred fiber and materials strategy into mainstream business operations, to compare progress with the sector, and to transparently communicate performance and progress to stakeholders.
Companies follow a self-assessment process intended to help identify the strengths and the gaps where future progress can be made. By comparing section scores with those achieved by the whole sector, companies can plan improvement efforts and prioritize action areas.
Key indicators (inputs, outcomes, and impacts) of the PFM Benchmark are monitored through a Barometer of Progress and align with Sustainable Development Goal 12: Ensuring sustainable consumption and production and Goal 17: Partnerships for the Goals – since the SDGs can only be realized with a strong commitment to global partnership and cooperation.
When products are used again in the original format with no modification except repair. Garments can be exchanged between individuals, through a thrift store, or a take-back program. Post-industrial excess (rescued rolled goods) are manufactured into a new consumer product. Re-use does not include clipping waste, disassembled or reassembled garments, or deconstructed or shredded fiber.
Polyester is the most-used conventional fiber in the textile industry. Recycling “waste” plastics to create a new textile product is preferable to drawing on fossil resources. There are two types of PET recycling:
A Scope Certificate (SC) verifies that a company is qualified to produce goods to a given standard. To qualify the company must be inspected by the certification body to the requirements of the standard.
Processors, manufacturers, traders and retailers that have demonstrated their ability to comply with the relevant criteria in the corresponding certification procedure to an Approved Certifier receive a Scope Certificate (certificate of compliance), which lists the products/ product categories that can be offered certified (and labeled) to the product and the corresponding production stages.
TPA is a commodity chemical, used principally as a precursor to the production of polyester (PET).